When seeking employment as a retiree sometimes it can be challenging to know which type of employment is right for you. Know and understand the employment type and conditions. This will enable you to appreciate the positives and negatives associated with each. Also one can get to understand which type of contract suits their lifestyle, especially as seniors.
In addition as seniors, jobs after retirement may seem challenging. Especially if you do not know your rights for the different contracts you sign. To clarify this, today we are going to look in detail what differentiates the type of jobs. Especially the difference between part-time and casual jobs for seniors.
To understand the difference lets first define the four main job types; temporary, permanent, casual and part-time jobs.
Subdivided into full time permanent and part time permanent. A full-time employee works on average 38 hours a week. This is subject to review by an understanding between employee and employer. Permanent employees are basically on a fixed-term contract. Hence part of this warrants them to get benefits. Full-time employees, for instance, get more comprehensive benefits. This may vary depending on the employer even though there are some common benefits.
One such benefit is that insurance may be paid by the employer or you get insurance at subsidized rates. The other benefit of being a permanent employee is that one is paid both annual leave, sick leave and the accrual of long service leave. Permanent employee status means that you qualify for promotions more than temporary employees.
Permanent Part time Jobs
Part time employees are by definition permanent employees. Hence gets access to the benefits of permanent employees.
What distinguishes permanent full time from permanent part time is that they get to work on average less than 38 hours a week of which is on specific days and hours. Although not the same scale as those of permanent, Part-time employees are entitled to benefits.
Part time or full time permanent employees also are eligible for a constant wage. They are also eligible for a notice upon termination.
Temporary employees, on the other hand, are employed on a project-based, task-based or for a fixed period. Hired to fill in for permanent employees who are on leave, injured or ill. To fill temporary gaps in the company. Or to meet a seasonal surge in the company demands. Temporary employees hired directly or through staffing agencies. Remuneration for such may vary depending on the company. But there is no fixed rate. Some temporary employees even negotiate the hourly rate.
Though temporary employees may work part-time or full time, they are not given benefits like those of permanent employees. In the event of an economic downturn, they are the first employees to be laid off. Hence job security for temporary jobs is not guaranteed.
Always ensure work conditions and remuneration are defined before signing the contract when looking for a part time role. Depending on your needs as a senior, when looking for a job always know whether you want temporary part time or permanent part time. If you clearly distinguish the two it will help prevent any mix-up. When comparing the difference between part-time and casual jobs for seniors, the focus will be on permanent part-time jobs.
The last category of employment, before we get to the difference between part-time and casual jobs for seniors, is casual jobs.
Casual jobs may be classified under temporary jobs. Since the employee is guaranteed work only when it is available. Casuals may work regular or irregular hours as required by the employer. Legally, casual employees have the right to decline rostered duties. As long as they provide the employer with a notice in due time.
Types of casual employees
Casuals can be irregular casual employees and long term casuals.
Irregular casuals have no fixed working timetable. They work depending on the employers and employees requirements. These kinds of casuals have no guaranteed availability of the job. The other type is the systematic and regular casuals. The definition comes from these employees working regularly. Which may be certain hours for several specific days of the week. If this pattern goes on for more than 12 weeks these regular and systematic employees then become long term casual employees. Being a regular long term casual employee guarantees a little bit of job security.
Being a long term casual employee earns you bargaining power on getting more flexible working hours and parental leave if required. If the job is terminated without due notice they can file a claim against the employer.
Permanent employees benefits such as paid annual leave and paid sick leave are not given to Casual employees. Casual are entitled to overtime if they work beyond the usual period. Penalties are also paid if casuals work on evenings, weekends and night shifts.
Difference between part-time and casual jobs for seniors
Before outlining the difference between casual and part-time employees it is prudent to look at some common attributes between the two kinds of employment. The focus will be permanent part time jobs, not temporary part time jobs.
Similarities between part-time and casuals.
- Casuals and part time are entitled to rest breaks including a 30-minute break for every 5-hour shift.
- Companies should provide superannuation for both casuals and part-time employees.
Comparisons between permanent part-time and casual jobs detailed in the table below.
||Mostly an hourly basis payment with an extra 25% known as casual loading. Compensation for employees not receiving similar benefits and entitlements as part time employees||Wages are consistent depending on the number of hours worked.|
||Have no guaranteed working hours which can be regular or irregular. They can even work up to maximum of 38 hours.||Work for fewer than 38 hours and have a roster to follow. No sudden change can be made on roster is set. Working hours are fixed unless agreement is reached|
||Have no benefits and entitlements. Which includes unpaid sick leave||Get benefits similar to those of permanent full time employees. Include paid sick leave, parental, personal and annual leave.|
||Since there is no relationship with the employer, this makes them more flexible. In between shifts, Casuals are jobless.||Due to the signed contract, part time employees have to request permissions for absence from the employer.|
||Casuals can be terminated anytime without any prior notice and leave work as they please. They can be terminated anytime with the exception of long term casuals.||Notice given prior to termination. Providing sufficient reason and any compensation required to offset the breach of contract.|
It is possible also for a casual to transit into a permanent part time employee subject to a written agreement between employer and employee. From the difference between part time and casual jobs for seniors, it is now easier in selecting the appropriate job category that is right for you.